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Definition of abate (Meaning of abate)
3 Definitions found
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Abate A*bate" ([.a]*b[=a]t"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Abated}, p.
	     pr. & vb. n. {Abating}.] [OF. abatre to beat down, F.
	     abattre, LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere, battere (popular
	     form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. {Bate}, {Batter}.]
	     1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]
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	              The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls.
	                                                    --Edw. Hall.
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	     2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state,
	        number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to
	        moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate
	        pride, zeal, hope.
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	              His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
	                                                    --Deut. xxxiv.
	                                                    7.
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	     3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
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	              Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds.
	                                                    --Fuller.
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	     4. To blunt. [Obs.]
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	              To abate the edge of envy.            --Bacon.
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	     5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
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	              She hath abated me of half my train.  --Shak.
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	     6. (Law)
	        (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away
	            with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ.
	        (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable
	            to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a
	            deficiency of assets.
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	     {To abate a tax}, to remit it either wholly or in part.
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	  Abate A*bate ([.a]*b[=a]t"), n.
	     Abatement. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.
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	  Abate A*bate" ([.a]*b[=a]t"), v. i. [See {Abate}, v. t.]
	     1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as,
	        pain abates, a storm abates.
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	              The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated.
	                                                    --Macaulay.
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	     2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to
	        fail; as, a writ abates.
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	     {To abate into a freehold}, {To abate in lands} (Law), to
	        enter into a freehold after the death of the last
	        possessor, and before the heir takes possession. See
	        {Abatement}, 4.
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	     Syn: To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish;
	          lessen.
	
	     Usage: To {Abate}, {Subside}. These words, as here compared,
	            imply a coming down from some previously raised or
	            excited state. Abate expresses this in respect to
	            degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of
	            intensity; as, the storm abates, the cold abates, the
	            force of the wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever
	            abates. Subside (to settle down) has reference to a
	            previous state of agitation or commotion; as, the
	            waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into a
	            calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same
	            distinction should be observed. If we conceive of a
	            thing as having different degrees of intensity or
	            strength, the word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a
	            man's anger abates, the ardor of one's love abates,
	            ``Winter's rage abates''. But if the image be that of
	            a sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or
	            commotion, the word to be used is subside; as, the
	            tumult of the people subsides, the public mind
	            subsided into a calm. The same is the case with those
	            emotions which are tumultuous in their nature; as, his
	            passion subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief
	            subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such
	            cases, we were thinking of the degree of violence of
	            the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will
	            abate in the progress of time; and so in other
	            instances.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
Rocket Languages ? Language Learning Software Review
This word appears under the following label
Law