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Definition of anchor (Meaning of anchor)
4 Definitions found
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Anchor An"chor ([a^][ng]"k[~e]r), n. [OE. anker, AS. ancor,
	     oncer, L. ancora, sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. 'a`gkyra,
	     akin to E. angle: cf. F. ancre. See {Angle}, n.]
	     1. A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable
	        (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays
	        hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the
	        ship in a particular station.
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	     Note: The common anchor consists of a straight bar called a
	           shank, having at one end a transverse bar called a
	           stock, above which is a ring for the cable, and at the
	           other end the crown, from which branch out two or more
	           arms with flukes, forming with the shank a suitable
	           angle to enter the ground.
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	     Note: Formerly the largest and strongest anchor was the sheet
	           anchor (hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called
	           also {waist anchor}. Now the bower and the sheet anchor
	           are usually alike. Then came the best bower and the
	           small bower (so called from being carried on the bows).
	           The stream anchor is one fourth the weight of the bower
	           anchor. Kedges or kedge anchors are light anchors used
	           in warping.
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	     2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that
	        of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a
	        dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable,
	        or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to
	        hold the core of a mold in place.
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	     3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on
	        which we place dependence for safety.
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	              Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul. --Heb.
	                                                    vi. 19.
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	     4. (Her.) An emblem of hope.
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	     5. (Arch.)
	        (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building
	        (b) Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or
	            arrowhead; -- a part of the ornaments of certain
	            moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor
	            (called also {egg-and-dart}, {egg-and-tongue})
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	     6. (Zo["o]l.) One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain
	        sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain
	        Holothurians, as in species of {Synapta}.
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	     6. (Television) an {achorman}, {anchorwoman}, or
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	     {Anchor ice}. See under {Ice}.
	     {Anchor light} See the vocabulary.
	     {Anchor ring}. (Math.) Same as {Annulus}, 2 (b).
	     {Anchor shot} See the vocabulary.
	     {Anchor space} See the vocabulary.
	     {Anchor stock} (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank
	        at right angles to the arms.
	     {Anchor watch} See the vocabulary.
	     {The anchor comes home}, when it drags over the bottom as the
	        ship drifts.
	     {Foul anchor}, the anchor when it hooks, or is entangled
	        with, another anchor, or with a cable or wreck, or when
	        the slack cable entangled.
	     {The anchor is acockbill}, when it is suspended
	        perpendicularly from the cathead, ready to be let go.
	     {The anchor is apeak}, when the cable is drawn in so tight as
	        to bring to ship directly over it.
	     {The anchor is atrip}, or {aweigh}, when it is lifted out of
	        the ground.
	     {The anchor is awash}, when it is hove up to the surface of
	        the water.
	     {At anchor}, anchored.
	     {To back an anchor}, to increase the holding power by laying
	        down a small anchor ahead of that by which the ship rides,
	        with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to
	        prevent its coming home.
	     {To cast anchor}, to drop or let go an anchor to keep a ship
	        at rest.
	     {To cat the anchor}, to hoist the anchor to the cathead and
	        pass the ring-stopper.
	     {To fish the anchor}, to hoist the flukes to their resting
	        place (called the bill-boards), and pass the shank
	     {To weigh anchor}, to heave or raise the anchor so as to sail
	        [1913 Webster]
	  Anchor An"chor, n. [OE. anker, ancre, AS. ancra, fr. L.
	     anachoreta. See {Anchoret}.]
	     An anchoret. [Obs.] --Shak.
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	  Anchor An"chor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Anchored}; p. pr. & vb.
	     n. {Anchoring}.] [Cf. F. ancrer.]
	     1. To place at anchor; to secure by an anchor; as, to anchor
	        a ship.
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	     2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to
	        anchor the cables of a suspension bridge.
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	              Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes.
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	  Anchor An"chor, v. i.
	     1. To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the
	        captain) anchored in the stream.
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	     2. To stop; to fix or rest.
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	              My invention . . . anchors on Isabel. --Shak.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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