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Definition of displacement (Meaning of displacement)
2 Definitions found
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Displacement Dis*place"ment, n. [Cf. F. d['e]placement.]
	     1. The act of displacing, or the state of being displaced; a
	        putting out of place.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	              Unnecessary displacement of funds.    --A. Hamilton.
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	              The displacement of the sun by parallax. --Whewell.
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	     2. The quantity of anything, as water, displaced by a
	        floating body, as by a ship, the weight of the displaced
	        liquid being equal to that of the displacing body.
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	     3. (Chem.) The process of extracting soluble substances from
	        organic material and the like, whereby a quantity of
	        saturated solvent is displaced, or removed, for another
	        quantity of the solvent.
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	     {Piston displacement} (Mech.), the volume of the space swept
	        through, or weight of steam, water, etc., displaced, in a
	        given time, by the piston of a steam engine or pump.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	
	
	  Fault Fault, n. [OE. faut, faute, F. faute (cf. It., Sp., &
	     Pg. falta), fr. a verb meaning to want, fail, freq., fr. L.
	     fallere to deceive. See {Fail}, and cf. {Default}.]
	     1. Defect; want; lack; default.
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	              One, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call
	              my friend.                            --Shak.
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	     2. Anything that fails, that is wanting, or that impairs
	        excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish.
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	              As patches set upon a little breach
	              Discredit more in hiding of the fault. --Shak.
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	     3. A moral failing; a defect or dereliction from duty; a
	        deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a
	        crime.
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	     4. (Geol. & Mining)
	        (a) A dislocation of the strata of the vein.
	        (b) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities
	            in the seam; as, slate fault, dirt fault, etc.
	            --Raymond.
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	     5. (Hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.
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	              Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled,
	              With much ado, the cold fault cleary out. --Shak.
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	     6. (Tennis) Failure to serve the ball into the proper court.
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	     7. (Elec.) A defective point in an electric circuit due to a
	        crossing of the parts of the conductor, or to contact with
	        another conductor or the earth, or to a break in the
	        circuit.
	        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
	
	     8. (Geol. & Mining) A dislocation caused by a slipping of
	        rock masses along a plane of facture; also, the dislocated
	        structure resulting from such slipping.
	
	     Note: The surface along which the dislocated masses have
	           moved is called the
	
	     {fault plane}. When this plane is vertical, the fault is a
	
	     {vertical fault}; when its inclination is such that the
	        present relative position of the two masses could have
	        been produced by the sliding down, along the fault plane,
	        of the mass on its upper side, the fault is a
	
	     {normal fault}, or {gravity fault}. When the fault plane is
	        so inclined that the mass on its upper side has moved up
	        relatively, the fault is then called a
	
	     {reverse fault} (or {reversed fault}), {thrust fault}, or
	     {overthrust fault}. If no vertical displacement has resulted,
	        the fault is then called a
	
	     {horizontal fault}. The linear extent of the dislocation
	        measured on the fault plane and in the direction of
	        movement is the
	
	     {displacement}; the vertical displacement is the
	
	     {throw}; the horizontal displacement is the
	
	     {heave}. The direction of the line of intersection of the
	        fault plane with a horizontal plane is the
	
	     {trend} of the fault. A fault is a
	
	     {strike fault} when its trend coincides approximately with
	        the strike of associated strata (i.e., the line of
	        intersection of the plane of the strata with a horizontal
	        plane); it is a
	
	     {dip fault} when its trend is at right angles to the strike;
	        an
	
	     {oblique fault} when its trend is oblique to the strike.
	        Oblique faults and dip faults are sometimes called
	
	     {cross faults}. A series of closely associated parallel
	        faults are sometimes called
	
	     {step faults} and sometimes
	
	     {distributive faults}.
	        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
	
	     {At fault}, unable to find the scent and continue chase;
	        hence, in trouble or embarrassment, and unable to proceed;
	        puzzled; thrown off the track.
	
	     {To find fault}, to find reason for blaming or complaining;
	        to express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by
	        with before the thing complained of; but formerly by at.
	        ``Matter to find fault at.'' --Robynson (More's Utopia).
	
	     Syn: -- Error; blemish; defect; imperfection; weakness;
	          blunder; failing; vice.
	
	     Usage: {Fault}, {Failing}, {Defect}, {Foible}. A fault is
	            positive, something morally wrong; a failing is
	            negative, some weakness or falling short in a man's
	            character, disposition, or habits; a defect is also
	            negative, and as applied to character is the absence
	            of anything which is necessary to its completeness or
	            perfection; a foible is a less important weakness,
	            which we overlook or smile at. A man may have many
	            failings, and yet commit but few faults; or his faults
	            and failings may be few, while his foibles are obvious
	            to all. The faults of a friend are often palliated or
	            explained away into mere defects, and the defects or
	            foibles of an enemy exaggerated into faults. ``I have
	            failings in common with every human being, besides my
	            own peculiar faults; but of avarice I have generally
	            held myself guiltless.'' --Fox. ``Presumption and
	            self-applause are the foibles of mankind.''
	            --Waterland.
	            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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