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Definition of distance (Meaning of distance)
2 Definitions found
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Distance Dis"tance, n. [F. distance, L. distantia.]
	     1. The space between two objects; the length of a line,
	        especially the shortest line joining two points or things
	        that are separate; measure of separation in place.
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	              Every particle attracts every other with a force . .
	              . inversely proportioned to the square of the
	              distance.                             --Sir I.
	                                                    Newton.
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	     2. Remoteness of place; a remote place.
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	              Easily managed from a distance.       --W. Irving.
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	              'T is distance lends enchantment to the view. --T.
	                                                    Campbell.
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	              [He] waits at distance till he hears from Cato.
	                                                    --Addison.
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	     3. (Racing) A space marked out in the last part of a race
	        course.
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	              The horse that ran the whole field out of distance.
	                                                    --L'Estrange.
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	     Note: In trotting matches under the rules of the American
	           Association, the distance varies with the conditions of
	           the race, being 80 yards in races of mile heats, best
	           two in three, and 150 yards in races of two-mile heats.
	           At that distance from the winning post is placed the
	           distance post. If any horse has not reached this
	           distance post before the first horse in that heat has
	           reached the winning post, such horse is distanced, and
	           disqualified for running again during that race.
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	     4. (Mil.) Relative space, between troops in ranks, measured
	        from front to rear; -- contrasted with {interval}, which
	        is measured from right to left. ``Distance between
	        companies in close column is twelve yards.'' --Farrow.
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	     5. Space between two antagonists in fencing. --Shak.
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	     6. (Painting) The part of a picture which contains the
	        representation of those objects which are the farthest
	        away, esp. in a landscape.
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	     Note: In a picture, the
	
	     {Middle distance} is the central portion between the
	        foreground and the distance or the extreme distance. In a
	        perspective drawing, the
	
	     {Point of distance} is the point where the visual rays meet.
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	     7. Ideal disjunction; discrepancy; contrariety. --Locke.
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	     8. Length or interval of time; period, past or future,
	        between two eras or events.
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	              Ten years' distance between one and the other.
	                                                    --Prior.
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	              The writings of Euclid at the distance of two
	              thousand years.                       --Playfair.
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	     9. The remoteness or reserve which respect requires; hence,
	        respect; ceremoniousness.
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	              I hope your modesty
	              Will know what distance to the crown is due.
	                                                    --Dryden.
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	              'T is by respect and distance that authority is
	              upheld.                               --Atterbury.
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	     10. A withholding of intimacy; alienation; coldness;
	         disagreement; variance; restraint; reserve.
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	               Setting them [factions] at distance, or at least
	               distrust amongst themselves.         --Bacon.
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	               On the part of Heaven,
	               Now alienated, distance and distaste. --Milton.
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	     11. Remoteness in succession or relation; as, the distance
	         between a descendant and his ancestor.
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	     12. (Mus.) The interval between two notes; as, the distance
	         of a fourth or seventh.
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	     {Angular distance}, the distance made at the eye by lines
	        drawn from the eye to two objects.
	
	     {Lunar distance}. See under {Lunar}.
	
	     {North polar distance} (Astron.), the distance on the heavens
	        of a heavenly body from the north pole. It is the
	        complement of the declination.
	
	     {Zenith distance} (Astron.), the arc on the heavens from a
	        heavenly body to the zenith of the observer. It is the
	        complement of the altitude.
	
	     {To keep one's distance}, to stand aloof; to refrain from
	        familiarity.
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	              If a man makes me keep my distance, the comfort is
	              he keeps his at the same time.        --Swift.
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	  Distance Dis"tance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Distanced}; p. pr. &
	     vb. n. {Distancing}.]
	     1. To place at a distance or remotely.
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	              I heard nothing thereof at Oxford, being then miles
	              distanced thence.                     --Fuller.
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	     2. To cause to appear as if at a distance; to make seem
	        remote.
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	              His peculiar art of distancing an object to
	              aggrandize his space.                 --H. Miller.
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	     3. To outstrip by as much as a distance (see {Distance}, n.,
	        3); to leave far behind; to surpass greatly.
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	              He distanced the most skillful of his
	              contemporaries.                       --Milner.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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