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Definition of division (Meaning of division)
2 Definitions found
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Compound Com"pound, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
	     {Compound}, v. t.]
	     Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
	     produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
	     things; composite; as, a compound word.
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	           Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
	           substances.                              --I. Watts.
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	     {Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication},
	     {division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
	        compound numbers.
	
	     {Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
	        seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
	        according to regular laws of composition.
	
	     {Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
	        the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
	        is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
	        cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,
	        successively.
	
	     {Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.
	
	     {Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
	        flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
	        a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or
	        dandelion.
	
	     {Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.
	
	     {Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.
	
	     {Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or
	        arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
	        included in his rents. [Eng.]
	
	     {Compound interest}. See {Interest}.
	
	     {Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.
	
	     {Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
	        blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.
	
	     {Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.
	
	     {Compound motion}. See {Motion}.
	
	     {Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a
	        varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
	        -- called also {denominate number}.
	
	     {Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.
	
	     {Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
	        more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
	        (plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
	        compound quantities.
	
	     {Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.
	
	     {Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
	        thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
	        and b:d.
	
	     {Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine
	        lathe.
	
	     {Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
	        or more screws with different pitch (a differential
	        screw), or running in different directions (a right and
	        left screw).
	
	     {Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
	        measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
	        of two measures of 3-8 time.
	
	     {Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words;
	        specifically, two or more words joined together by a
	        hyphen.
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	  Division Di*vi"sion, n. [F. division, L. divisio, from
	     dividere. See {Divide}.]
	     1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the
	        state of being so divided; separation.
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	              I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.
	                                                    --Gibbon.
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	     2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.
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	     3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a
	        distinct segment or section.
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	              Communities and divisions of men.     --Addison.
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	     4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord;
	        variance; alienation.
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	              There was a division among the people. --John vii.
	                                                    43.
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	     5. Difference of condition; state of distinction;
	        distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.
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	              I will put a division between my people and thy
	              people.                               --Ex. viii.
	                                                    23.
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	     6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of
	        the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.
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	              The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.
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	     7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number
	        or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of
	        multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is
	        performed.
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	     8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent
	        species.
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	     9. (Mil.)
	        (a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general
	            officer.
	        (b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one
	            subdivision of a battalion.
	        (c) One of the larger districts into which a country is
	            divided for administering military affairs.
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	     10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.
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	     11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to
	         form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one
	         syllable.
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	     12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a
	         part so distinguished.
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	     13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a
	         tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities,
	         equivalent to a subkingdom.
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	     {Cell division} (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which
	        new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell.
	        In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar
	        differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see
	        also {Karyokinesis}). At the same time the protoplasm of
	        the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow
	        transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle,
	        followed, on the completion of the division of the
	        nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two
	        masses, called the daughter cells.
	
	     {Long division} (Math.), the process of division when the
	        operations are mostly written down.
	
	     {Short division} (Math.), the process of division when the
	        operations are mentally performed and only the results
	        written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not
	        greater than ten or twelve.
	
	     Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution;
	          separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection;
	          difference; variance; discord; disunion.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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