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Definition of gopher (Meaning of gopher)
2 Definitions found
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Gopher Go"pher, n. [F. gaufre waffle, honeycomb. See
	     {Gauffer}.] (Zo["o]l.)
	     1. One of several North American burrowing rodents of the
	        genera {Geomys} and {Thomomys}, of the family
	        {Geomyid[ae]}; -- called also {pocket gopher} and {pouched
	        rat}. See {Pocket gopher}, and {Tucan}.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     Note: The name was originally given by French settlers to
	           many burrowing rodents, from their honeycombing the
	           earth.
	           [1913 Webster]
	
	     2. One of several western American species of the genus
	        {Spermophilus}, of the family {Sciurid[ae]}; as, the gray
	        gopher ({Spermophilus Franklini}) and the striped gopher
	        ({S. tridecemlineatus}); -- called also {striped prairie
	        squirrel}, {leopard marmot}, and {leopard spermophile}.
	        See {Spermophile}.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     3. A large land tortoise ({Testudo Carilina}) of the Southern
	        United States, which makes extensive burrows.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     4. A large burrowing snake ({Spilotes Couperi}) of the
	        Southern United States.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     {Gopher drift} (Mining), an irregular prospecting drift,
	        following or seeking the ore without regard to regular
	        grade or section. --Raymond.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	
	
	  Prairie Prai"rie, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie,
	     LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.]
	     1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of
	        trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually
	        characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound
	        throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies
	        and the Rocky mountains.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	              From the forests and the prairies,
	              From the great lakes of the northland. --Longfellow.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called
	        natural meadow.
	        [1913 Webster]
	
	     {Prairie chicken} (Zo["o]l.), any American grouse of the
	        genus {Tympanuchus}, especially {Tympanuchus Americanus}
	        (formerly {Tympanuchus cupido}), which inhabits the
	        prairies of the central United States. Applied also to the
	        sharp-tailed grouse.
	
	     {Prairie clover} (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus
	        {Petalostemon}, having small rosy or white flowers in
	        dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in
	        the prairies of the United States.
	
	     {Prairie dock} (Bot.), a coarse composite plant ({Silphium
	        terebinthaceum}) with large rough leaves and yellow
	        flowers, found in the Western prairies.
	
	     {Prairie dog} (Zo["o]l.), a small American rodent ({Cynomys
	        Ludovicianus}) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the
	        plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in
	        the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like
	        that of a dog. Called also {prairie marmot}.
	
	     {Prairie grouse}. Same as {Prairie chicken}, above.
	
	     {Prairie hare} (Zo["o]l.), a large long-eared Western hare
	        ({Lepus campestris}). See {Jack rabbit}, under 2d {Jack}.
	
	
	     {Prairie hawk}, {Prairie falcon} (Zo["o]l.), a falcon of
	        Western North America ({Falco Mexicanus}). The upper parts
	        are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the
	        under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
	
	     {Prairie hen}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Prairie chicken}, above.
	
	
	     {Prairie itch} (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with
	        intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and
	        Western United States; -- also called {swamp itch},
	        {winter itch}.
	
	     {Prairie marmot}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Prairie dog}, above.
	
	     {Prairie mole} (Zo["o]l.), a large American mole ({Scalops
	        argentatus}), native of the Western prairies.
	
	     {Prairie pigeon}, {Prairie plover}, or {Prairie snipe}
	        (Zo["o]l.), the upland plover. See {Plover}, n., 2.
	
	     {Prairie rattlesnake} (Zo["o]l.), the massasauga.
	
	     {Prairie snake} (Zo["o]l.), a large harmless American snake
	        ({Masticophis flavigularis}). It is pale yellow, tinged
	        with brown above.
	
	     {Prairie squirrel} (Zo["o]l.), any American ground squirrel
	        of the genus {Spermophilus}, inhabiting prairies; --
	        called also {gopher}.
	
	     {Prairie turnip} (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous
	        root of a leguminous plant ({Psoralea esculenta}) of the
	        Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also
	        {pomme blanche}, and {pomme de prairie}.
	
	     {Prairie warbler} (Zo["o]l.), a bright-colored American
	        warbler ({Dendroica discolor}). The back is olive yellow,
	        with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under
	        parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the
	        sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black;
	        three outer tail feathers partly white.
	
	     {Prairie wolf}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Coyote}.
	        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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