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Definition of motion (Meaning of motion)
3 Definitions found
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Motion Mo"tion, n. [F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to
	     move. See {Move}.]
	     1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position;
	        movement; the passing of a body from one place or position
	        to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed
	        to {rest}.
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	              Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace
	              attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms.
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	     2. Power of, or capacity for, motion.
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	              Devoid of sense and motion.           --Milton.
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	     3. Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of
	        the planets is from west to east.
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	              In our proper motion we ascend.       --Milton.
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	     4. Change in the relative position of the parts of anything;
	        action of a machine with respect to the relative movement
	        of its parts.
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	              This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its
	              motion.                               --Dr. H. More.
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	     5. Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or
	        impulse to any action; internal activity.
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	              Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his
	              heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from
	              God.                                  --South.
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	     6. A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress;
	        esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly;
	        as, a motion to adjourn.
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	              Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion. --Shak.
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	     7. (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in
	        open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule
	        directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
	        --Mozley & W.
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	     8. (Mus.) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in
	        the same part or in groups of parts.
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	              The independent motions of different parts sounding
	              together constitute counterpoint.     --Grove.
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	     Note: Conjunct motion is that by single degrees of the scale.
	           Contrary motion is that when parts move in opposite
	           directions. Disjunct motion is motion by skips. Oblique
	           motion is that when one part is stationary while
	           another moves. Similar or direct motion is that when
	           parts move in the same direction.
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	     9. A puppet show or puppet. [Obs.]
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	              What motion's this? the model of Nineveh? --Beau. &
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	     Note: Motion, in mechanics, may be simple or compound.
	     {Simple motions} are: ({a}) straight translation, which, if
	        of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating. ({b})
	        Simple rotation, which may be either continuous or
	        reciprocating, and when reciprocating is called
	        oscillating. ({c}) Helical, which, if of indefinite
	        duration, must be reciprocating.
	     {Compound motion} consists of combinations of any of the
	        simple motions.
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	     {Center of motion}, {Harmonic motion}, etc. See under
	        {Center}, {Harmonic}, etc.
	     {Motion block} (Steam Engine), a crosshead.
	     {Perpetual motion} (Mech.), an incessant motion conceived to
	        be attainable by a machine supplying its own motive forces
	        independently of any action from without. According to the
	        law of conservation of energy, such perpetual motion is
	        impossible, and no device has yet been built that is
	        capable of perpetual motion.
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	     Syn: See {Movement}.
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	  Motion Mo"tion, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Motioned}; p. pr. & vb.
	     n. {Motioning}.]
	     1. To make a significant movement or gesture, as with the
	        hand; as, to motion to one to take a seat.
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	     2. To make proposal; to offer plans. [Obs.] --Shak.
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	  Motion Mo"tion, v. t.
	     1. To direct or invite by a motion, as of the hand or head;
	        as, to motion one to a seat.
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	     2. To propose; to move. [Obs.]
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	              I want friends to motion such a matter. --Burton.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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