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Definition of root (Meaning of root)
6 Definitions found
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Root Root, v. i. [Cf. {Rout} to roar.]
	     To shout for, or otherwise noisly applaud or encourage, a
	     contestant, as in sports; hence, to wish earnestly for the
	     success of some one or the happening of some event, with the
	     superstitious notion that this action may have efficacy; --
	     usually with for; as, the crowd rooted for the home team.
	     [Slang or Cant, U. S.]
	     [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
	  Root Root (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rooted}; p. pr. &
	     vb. n. {Rooting}.]
	     1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take
	        root and begin to grow.
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	              In deep grounds the weeds root deeper. --Mortimer.
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	     2. To be firmly fixed; to be established.
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	              If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to
	              cause misappehensions, he gave them not leave to
	              root and fasten by concealment.       --Bp. Fell.
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	  Root Root, v. t.
	     1. To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth;
	        to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to
	        establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted
	        trees or forests; rooted dislike.
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	     2. To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; --
	        with up, out, or away. ``I will go root away the noisome
	        weeds.' --Shak.
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	              The Lord rooted them out of their land . . . and
	              cast them into another land.          --Deut. xxix.
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	  Root Root, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout,
	     trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r["u]ssel snout, trunk,
	     proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to
	     gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.]
	     1. To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.
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	     2. Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or
	        groveling servility; to fawn servilely.
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	  Root Root, v. t.
	     To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots
	     the earth.
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	  Root Root, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort,
	     and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See {Wort}.]
	     1. (Bot.)
	        (a) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true
	            root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the
	            potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.
	        (b) The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a
	            plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity
	            only, not divided into joints, leafless and without
	            buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in
	            the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble
	            matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of
	            nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may
	            never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall,
	            etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air,
	            as in some epiphytic orchids.
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	     2. An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as
	        produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the
	        root crop.
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	     3. That which resembles a root in position or function, esp.
	        as a source of nourishment or support; that from which
	        anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the
	        root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.
	        (a) An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a
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	                  They were the roots out of which sprang two
	                  distinct people.                  --Locke.
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	        (b) A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms
	            employed in language; a word from which other words
	            are formed; a radix, or radical.
	        (c) The cause or occasion by which anything is brought
	            about; the source. ``She herself . . . is root of
	            bounty.' --Chaucer.
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	                  The love of money is a root of all kinds of
	                  evil.                             --1 Tim. vi.
	                                                    10 (rev. Ver.)
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	        (d) (Math.) That factor of a quantity which when
	            multiplied into itself will produce that quantity;
	            thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into
	            itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.
	        (e) (Mus.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone
	            from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is
	            composed. --Busby.
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	        (f) The lowest place, position, or part. ``Deep to the
	            roots of hell.' --Milton. ``The roots of the
	            mountains.' --Southey.
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	     4. (Astrol.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.
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	              When a root is of a birth yknowe [known]. --Chaucer.
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	     {A["e]rial roots}. (Bot.)
	        (a) Small roots emitted from the stem of a plant in the
	            open air, which, attaching themselves to the bark of
	            trees, etc., serve to support the plant.
	        (b) Large roots growing from the stem, etc., which descend
	            and establish themselves in the soil. See Illust. of
	     {Multiple primary root} (Bot.), a name given to the numerous
	        roots emitted from the radicle in many plants, as the
	     {Primary root} (Bot.), the central, first-formed, main root,
	        from which the rootlets are given off.
	     {Root and branch}, every part; wholly; completely; as, to
	        destroy an error root and branch.
	     {Root-and-branch men}, radical reformers; -- a designation
	        applied to the English Independents (1641). See Citation
	        under {Radical}, n., 2.
	     {Root barnacle} (Zo["o]l.), one of the Rhizocephala.
	     {Root hair} (Bot.), one of the slender, hairlike fibers found
	        on the surface of fresh roots. They are prolongations of
	        the superficial cells of the root into minute tubes.
	     {Root leaf} (Bot.), a radical leaf. See {Radical}, a., 3
	        (b) .
	     {Root louse} (Zo["o]l.), any plant louse, or aphid, which
	        lives on the roots of plants, as the Phylloxera of the
	        grapevine. See {Phylloxera}.
	     {Root of an equation} (Alg.), that value which, substituted
	        for the unknown quantity in an equation, satisfies the
	     {Root of a nail}
	        (Anat.), the part of a nail which is covered by the skin.
	     {Root of a tooth} (Anat.), the part of a tooth contained in
	        the socket and consisting of one or more fangs.
	     {Secondary roots} (Bot.), roots emitted from any part of the
	        plant above the radicle.
	     {To strike root}, {To take root}, to send forth roots; to
	        become fixed in the earth, etc., by a root; hence, in
	        general, to become planted, fixed, or established; to
	        increase and spread; as, an opinion takes root. ``The
	        bended twigs take root.' --Milton.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
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